Early childhood development is the growth that occurs from the birth of a child until the child is six years. These six years are very important for the neurological development of the child, brain and biological growth occurs. The experience that a child gets during those six year, has great effect on the overall well being and health of an individual in his entire life. These developments are very important throughout an individual lifespan.
Enough stimulation should be provided to a child during these early stages. It is this time when the brain of a child is trying to function fully and is reacting to the proving environment. The fast brain growth affects the emotional, social and cognitive growth. These growths ensure that the child grows to his full potential to the global society.
One should understand the mental and physical factors affecting the child through the interaction and observation, during its learning phase or period. The parenting style is very important; it can greatly influence the child to develop educational programs. Their support and of teachers and family members can help a child a lot. The kind of nutrition, emotional and medical is also very important.
The early experience of a child will determine economic, health and education participation for its whole life. More than 180 million children under the age of five, fail to attain their full social and cognitive potential every year. There are always very effective and effortless methods for parents and families to make sure full child growth. Just make sure that are initiated thought this period.
Cognitive development can be fully supported during this stage through participation of activities like playing, reading learning, sharing ideas and making decisions. This may result to high test scores and better reading abilities. Children developing in environments where cognitive developments are well encourage, usually show long lasting and sustainable academics records. When they get older, this behaviour is well demonstrated meaning that is has strong positive long term and short term effects.
The environment has also a great impact in a child life and especially the first six years. Most challenges faced by adults can be traced back to their child development. These could include their health issues, heart disease, obesity, poor literacy and criminality.
Children living in sub-Saharan and South Asia have had poor growth during their childhood. They perform poorly in school and thus become low income earners when adults. They are likely to have children at their early ages because of the poor literacy and value of life. Their children get to suffer during their development because they have no experienced parents to help them and they also do not get all the love a child should get. They are faced with poor health care and nutrition. This is why you find these countries experiencing a slow growth even economically.
High level of stress and adversity during the child growth can result to risk involved in stress disease and leaning difficulties during adulthood. The risk affects 20-25% of children in developing countries. These factors include iodine deficiency, insufficient stimulation and less learning opportunities, iron deficiency and malnutrition that is severe to result to stunting growth. Other risk factors include maternal depression, intrauterine growth restriction, malaria, exposure to strong metals and also exposure to violence.
For young children to reach their potential, the parent or care giver should spend enough time caring for them. They should let them develop in good environment that that will protect them from inappropriate and neglect inappropriate punishment and disapproval. Families and parents are the key elements to early child growth; they need to ensure their children are in the right environment. Governments have introduced social protection policies that ensure parents or caregivers get enough income, financial support, maternity benefits and time allowance to spend more time with their children.
Some societies are investing in families and children in their early years. They do not mind if they are rich or not. Thee societies have been found to be with the most numerate and literate population. These societies have best health status and very low level of health inequality.
There have been lots of programmes rising to help parents and families wisely develop their children and also to direct learning experience to children and families. These programs are targeted to disadvantage young children to provide the best quality of long lasting integration with family support, education, nutrition, health services.
The health providers and care system play a vital role in the life of a child. They serve as a gateway to other childhood services. Health care providers are always trusted to provide information for families and they give guidance about how to communicate with children. This information stimulates children growth and guidance to understanding growth problem such as feeding, sleeping and discipline. The information also help parent know how to reduce common injuries that occur in children.
Investing in children is very important for the development of a nation. A nation can get to grow economically because there are improved health, high income, low crime rate and low welfare dependence. This is possible if the children will be well educated and attend the full education system.
Children will continue to grow indifferent ways from their first year of development to late in life. Their ability to run, read to talk explains how this stage is important inn their life. They are also able to differentiate between good and bad, they get to grow morally if they are in the right environment. It is still at this stage, they get to grow socially and emotionally, they relate well with others. They also get to identify the gender and understand the meaning of being a male or female.
Parental skills should be developed and learnt every day, children need more information and care will there are young. Parents or caregivers and get information online or attend programmes provided by the various nations. The children need can be met through early childhood development. If you love your child, please comply with this simple procedure to give them the best.